EncGOP.cpp 141 KB
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/* The copyright in this software is being made available under the BSD
 * License, included below. This software may be subject to other third party
 * and contributor rights, including patent rights, and no such rights are
 * granted under this license.
 *
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 * Copyright (c) 2010-2019, ITU/ISO/IEC
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 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 *  * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *  * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
 *    and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *  * Neither the name of the ITU/ISO/IEC nor the names of its contributors may
 *    be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
 * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS
 * BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF
 * THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/** \file     EncGOP.cpp
    \brief    GOP encoder class
*/

#include <list>
#include <algorithm>
#include <functional>

#include "EncLib.h"
#include "EncGOP.h"
#include "Analyze.h"
#include "libmd5/MD5.h"
#include "CommonLib/SEI.h"
#include "CommonLib/NAL.h"
#include "NALwrite.h"

#include <math.h>
#include <deque>
#include <chrono>
#include <cinttypes>

#include "CommonLib/UnitTools.h"
#include "CommonLib/dtrace_codingstruct.h"
#include "CommonLib/dtrace_buffer.h"

#include "DecoderLib/DecLib.h"

#define ENCODE_SUB_SET 0

using namespace std;

//! \ingroup EncoderLib
//! \{

// ====================================================================================================================
// Constructor / destructor / initialization / destroy
// ====================================================================================================================
int getLSB(int poc, int maxLSB)
{
  if (poc >= 0)
  {
    return poc % maxLSB;
  }
  else
  {
    return (maxLSB - ((-poc) % maxLSB)) % maxLSB;
  }
}


EncGOP::EncGOP()
{
  m_iLastIDR            = 0;
  m_iGopSize            = 0;
  m_iNumPicCoded        = 0; //Niko
  m_bFirst              = true;
  m_iLastRecoveryPicPOC = 0;
  m_lastRasPoc          = MAX_INT;

  m_pcCfg               = NULL;
  m_pcSliceEncoder      = NULL;
  m_pcListPic           = NULL;
  m_HLSWriter           = NULL;
  m_bSeqFirst           = true;

  m_bRefreshPending     = 0;
  m_pocCRA              = 0;
  m_numLongTermRefPicSPS = 0;
  ::memset(m_ltRefPicPocLsbSps, 0, sizeof(m_ltRefPicPocLsbSps));
  ::memset(m_ltRefPicUsedByCurrPicFlag, 0, sizeof(m_ltRefPicUsedByCurrPicFlag));
  m_lastBPSEI           = 0;
  m_bufferingPeriodSEIPresentInAU = false;
  m_associatedIRAPType  = NAL_UNIT_CODED_SLICE_IDR_N_LP;
  m_associatedIRAPPOC   = 0;
#if W0038_DB_OPT
  m_pcDeblockingTempPicYuv = NULL;
#endif

  m_bInitAMaxBT         = true;
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  m_bgPOC = -1;
  m_picBg = NULL;
  m_picOrig = NULL;
  m_isEncodedLTRef = false;
  m_isUseLTRef = false;
  m_isPrepareLTRef = true;
  m_lastLTRefPoc = 0;
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}

EncGOP::~EncGOP()
{
  if( !m_pcCfg->getDecodeBitstream(0).empty() || !m_pcCfg->getDecodeBitstream(1).empty() )
  {
    // reset potential decoder resources
    tryDecodePicture( NULL, 0, std::string("") );
  }
}

/** Create list to contain pointers to CTU start addresses of slice.
 */
void  EncGOP::create()
{
  m_bLongtermTestPictureHasBeenCoded = 0;
  m_bLongtermTestPictureHasBeenCoded2 = 0;
}

void  EncGOP::destroy()
{
#if W0038_DB_OPT
  if (m_pcDeblockingTempPicYuv)
  {
    m_pcDeblockingTempPicYuv->destroy();
    delete m_pcDeblockingTempPicYuv;
    m_pcDeblockingTempPicYuv = NULL;
  }
#endif
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  if (m_picBg)
  {
    m_picBg->destroy();
    delete m_picBg;
    m_picBg = NULL;
  }
  if (m_picOrig)
  {
    m_picOrig->destroy();
    delete m_picOrig;
    m_picOrig = NULL;
  }
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}

void EncGOP::init ( EncLib* pcEncLib )
{
  m_pcEncLib     = pcEncLib;
  m_pcCfg                = pcEncLib;
  m_seiEncoder.init(m_pcCfg, pcEncLib, this);
  m_pcSliceEncoder       = pcEncLib->getSliceEncoder();
  m_pcListPic            = pcEncLib->getListPic();
  m_HLSWriter            = pcEncLib->getHLSWriter();
  m_pcLoopFilter         = pcEncLib->getLoopFilter();
  m_pcSAO                = pcEncLib->getSAO();
  m_pcALF = pcEncLib->getALF();
  m_pcRateCtrl           = pcEncLib->getRateCtrl();
  m_lastBPSEI          = 0;
  m_totalCoded         = 0;

  m_AUWriterIf = pcEncLib->getAUWriterIf();
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#if WCG_EXT
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  if (m_pcCfg->getReshaper())
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  {
    pcEncLib->getRdCost()->setReshapeInfo(m_pcCfg->getReshapeSignalType(), m_pcCfg->getBitDepth(CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA));
    pcEncLib->getRdCost()->initLumaLevelToWeightTableReshape();
  }
  else if (m_pcCfg->getLumaLevelToDeltaQPMapping().mode)
  {
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    pcEncLib->getRdCost()->setReshapeInfo(RESHAPE_SIGNAL_PQ, m_pcCfg->getBitDepth(CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA));
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    pcEncLib->getRdCost()->initLumaLevelToWeightTableReshape();
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  }
  pcEncLib->getALF()->getLumaLevelWeightTable() = pcEncLib->getRdCost()->getLumaLevelWeightTable();
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  int alfWSSD = 0;
  if (m_pcCfg->getReshaper() && m_pcCfg->getReshapeSignalType() == RESHAPE_SIGNAL_PQ )
  {
    alfWSSD = 1;
  }
  pcEncLib->getALF()->setAlfWSSD(alfWSSD);
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#endif
  m_pcReshaper = pcEncLib->getReshaper();
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}

int EncGOP::xWriteVPS (AccessUnit &accessUnit, const VPS *vps)
{
  OutputNALUnit nalu(NAL_UNIT_VPS);
  m_HLSWriter->setBitstream( &nalu.m_Bitstream );
  m_HLSWriter->codeVPS( vps );
  accessUnit.push_back(new NALUnitEBSP(nalu));
  return (int)(accessUnit.back()->m_nalUnitData.str().size()) * 8;
}

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int EncGOP::xWriteDPS (AccessUnit &accessUnit, const DPS *dps)
{
  if (dps->getDecodingParameterSetId() !=0)
  {
    OutputNALUnit nalu(NAL_UNIT_DPS);
    m_HLSWriter->setBitstream( &nalu.m_Bitstream );
    m_HLSWriter->codeDPS( dps );
    accessUnit.push_back(new NALUnitEBSP(nalu));
    return (int)(accessUnit.back()->m_nalUnitData.str().size()) * 8;
  }
  else
  {
    return 0;
  }
}

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int EncGOP::xWriteSPS (AccessUnit &accessUnit, const SPS *sps)
{
  OutputNALUnit nalu(NAL_UNIT_SPS);
  m_HLSWriter->setBitstream( &nalu.m_Bitstream );
  m_HLSWriter->codeSPS( sps );
  accessUnit.push_back(new NALUnitEBSP(nalu));
  return (int)(accessUnit.back()->m_nalUnitData.str().size()) * 8;

}

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#if JVET_O1136_TS_BDPCM_SIGNALLING
int EncGOP::xWritePPS (AccessUnit &accessUnit, const PPS *pps, const SPS *sps)
#else
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int EncGOP::xWritePPS (AccessUnit &accessUnit, const PPS *pps)
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#endif
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{
  OutputNALUnit nalu(NAL_UNIT_PPS);
  m_HLSWriter->setBitstream( &nalu.m_Bitstream );
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#if JVET_O1136_TS_BDPCM_SIGNALLING
  m_HLSWriter->codePPS( pps, sps );
#else
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  m_HLSWriter->codePPS( pps );
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#endif
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  accessUnit.push_back(new NALUnitEBSP(nalu));
  return (int)(accessUnit.back()->m_nalUnitData.str().size()) * 8;
}

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int EncGOP::xWriteAPS(AccessUnit &accessUnit, APS *aps)
{
  OutputNALUnit nalu(NAL_UNIT_APS);
  m_HLSWriter->setBitstream(&nalu.m_Bitstream);
  m_HLSWriter->codeAPS(aps);
  accessUnit.push_back(new NALUnitEBSP(nalu));
  return (int)(accessUnit.back()->m_nalUnitData.str().size()) * 8;
}
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int EncGOP::xWriteParameterSets (AccessUnit &accessUnit, Slice *slice, const bool bSeqFirst)
{
  int actualTotalBits = 0;

  if (bSeqFirst)
  {
    actualTotalBits += xWriteVPS(accessUnit, m_pcEncLib->getVPS());
  }
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  if (bSeqFirst)
  {
    actualTotalBits += xWriteDPS(accessUnit, m_pcEncLib->getDPS());
  }

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  if (m_pcEncLib->SPSNeedsWriting(slice->getSPS()->getSPSId())) // Note this assumes that all changes to the SPS are made at the EncLib level prior to picture creation (EncLib::xGetNewPicBuffer).
  {
    CHECK(!(bSeqFirst), "Unspecified error"); // Implementations that use more than 1 SPS need to be aware of activation issues.
    actualTotalBits += xWriteSPS(accessUnit, slice->getSPS());
  }
  if (m_pcEncLib->PPSNeedsWriting(slice->getPPS()->getPPSId())) // Note this assumes that all changes to the PPS are made at the EncLib level prior to picture creation (EncLib::xGetNewPicBuffer).
  {
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#if JVET_O1136_TS_BDPCM_SIGNALLING
    actualTotalBits += xWritePPS(accessUnit, slice->getPPS(), slice->getSPS());
#else
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    actualTotalBits += xWritePPS(accessUnit, slice->getPPS());
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#endif
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  }

  return actualTotalBits;
}

void EncGOP::xWriteAccessUnitDelimiter (AccessUnit &accessUnit, Slice *slice)
{
  AUDWriter audWriter;
  OutputNALUnit nalu(NAL_UNIT_ACCESS_UNIT_DELIMITER);

  int picType = slice->isIntra() ? 0 : (slice->isInterP() ? 1 : 2);

  audWriter.codeAUD(nalu.m_Bitstream, picType);
  accessUnit.push_front(new NALUnitEBSP(nalu));
}

// write SEI list into one NAL unit and add it to the Access unit at auPos
void EncGOP::xWriteSEI (NalUnitType naluType, SEIMessages& seiMessages, AccessUnit &accessUnit, AccessUnit::iterator &auPos, int temporalId, const SPS *sps)
{
  // don't do anything, if we get an empty list
  if (seiMessages.empty())
  {
    return;
  }
  OutputNALUnit nalu(naluType, temporalId);
  m_seiWriter.writeSEImessages(nalu.m_Bitstream, seiMessages, sps, false);
  auPos = accessUnit.insert(auPos, new NALUnitEBSP(nalu));
  auPos++;
}

void EncGOP::xWriteSEISeparately (NalUnitType naluType, SEIMessages& seiMessages, AccessUnit &accessUnit, AccessUnit::iterator &auPos, int temporalId, const SPS *sps)
{
  // don't do anything, if we get an empty list
  if (seiMessages.empty())
  {
    return;
  }
  for (SEIMessages::const_iterator sei = seiMessages.begin(); sei!=seiMessages.end(); sei++ )
  {
    SEIMessages tmpMessages;
    tmpMessages.push_back(*sei);
    OutputNALUnit nalu(naluType, temporalId);
    m_seiWriter.writeSEImessages(nalu.m_Bitstream, tmpMessages, sps, false);
    auPos = accessUnit.insert(auPos, new NALUnitEBSP(nalu));
    auPos++;
  }
}

void EncGOP::xClearSEIs(SEIMessages& seiMessages, bool deleteMessages)
{
  if (deleteMessages)
  {
    deleteSEIs(seiMessages);
  }
  else
  {
    seiMessages.clear();
  }
}

// write SEI messages as separate NAL units ordered
void EncGOP::xWriteLeadingSEIOrdered (SEIMessages& seiMessages, SEIMessages& duInfoSeiMessages, AccessUnit &accessUnit, int temporalId, const SPS *sps, bool testWrite)
{
  AccessUnit::iterator itNalu = accessUnit.begin();

  while ( (itNalu!=accessUnit.end())&&
    ( (*itNalu)->m_nalUnitType==NAL_UNIT_ACCESS_UNIT_DELIMITER
    || (*itNalu)->m_nalUnitType==NAL_UNIT_VPS
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    || (*itNalu)->m_nalUnitType==NAL_UNIT_DPS
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    || (*itNalu)->m_nalUnitType==NAL_UNIT_SPS
    || (*itNalu)->m_nalUnitType==NAL_UNIT_PPS
    ))
  {
    itNalu++;
  }

  SEIMessages localMessages = seiMessages;
  SEIMessages currentMessages;

#if ENABLE_TRACING
  g_HLSTraceEnable = !testWrite;
#endif
  // The case that a specific SEI is not present is handled in xWriteSEI (empty list)

  // Active parameter sets SEI must always be the first SEI
  currentMessages = extractSeisByType(localMessages, SEI::ACTIVE_PARAMETER_SETS);
  CHECK(!(currentMessages.size() <= 1), "Unspecified error");
  xWriteSEI(NAL_UNIT_PREFIX_SEI, currentMessages, accessUnit, itNalu, temporalId, sps);
  xClearSEIs(currentMessages, !testWrite);

  // Buffering period SEI must always be following active parameter sets
  currentMessages = extractSeisByType(localMessages, SEI::BUFFERING_PERIOD);
  CHECK(!(currentMessages.size() <= 1), "Unspecified error");
  xWriteSEI(NAL_UNIT_PREFIX_SEI, currentMessages, accessUnit, itNalu, temporalId, sps);
  xClearSEIs(currentMessages, !testWrite);

  // Picture timing SEI must always be following buffering period
  currentMessages = extractSeisByType(localMessages, SEI::PICTURE_TIMING);
  CHECK(!(currentMessages.size() <= 1), "Unspecified error");
  xWriteSEI(NAL_UNIT_PREFIX_SEI, currentMessages, accessUnit, itNalu, temporalId, sps);
  xClearSEIs(currentMessages, !testWrite);

  // Decoding unit info SEI must always be following picture timing
  if (!duInfoSeiMessages.empty())
  {
    currentMessages.push_back(duInfoSeiMessages.front());
    if (!testWrite)
    {
      duInfoSeiMessages.pop_front();
    }
    xWriteSEI(NAL_UNIT_PREFIX_SEI, currentMessages, accessUnit, itNalu, temporalId, sps);
    xClearSEIs(currentMessages, !testWrite);
  }

  // Scalable nesting SEI must always be the following DU info
  currentMessages = extractSeisByType(localMessages, SEI::SCALABLE_NESTING);
  xWriteSEISeparately(NAL_UNIT_PREFIX_SEI, currentMessages, accessUnit, itNalu, temporalId, sps);
  xClearSEIs(currentMessages, !testWrite);

  // And finally everything else one by one
  xWriteSEISeparately(NAL_UNIT_PREFIX_SEI, localMessages, accessUnit, itNalu, temporalId, sps);
  xClearSEIs(localMessages, !testWrite);

  if (!testWrite)
  {
    seiMessages.clear();
  }
}


void EncGOP::xWriteLeadingSEIMessages (SEIMessages& seiMessages, SEIMessages& duInfoSeiMessages, AccessUnit &accessUnit, int temporalId, const SPS *sps, std::deque<DUData> &duData)
{
  AccessUnit testAU;
  SEIMessages picTimingSEIs = getSeisByType(seiMessages, SEI::PICTURE_TIMING);
  CHECK(!(picTimingSEIs.size() < 2), "Unspecified error");
  SEIPictureTiming * picTiming = picTimingSEIs.empty() ? NULL : (SEIPictureTiming*) picTimingSEIs.front();

  // test writing
  xWriteLeadingSEIOrdered(seiMessages, duInfoSeiMessages, testAU, temporalId, sps, true);
  // update Timing and DU info SEI
  xUpdateDuData(testAU, duData);
  xUpdateTimingSEI(picTiming, duData, sps);
  xUpdateDuInfoSEI(duInfoSeiMessages, picTiming);
  // actual writing
  xWriteLeadingSEIOrdered(seiMessages, duInfoSeiMessages, accessUnit, temporalId, sps, false);

  // testAU will automatically be cleaned up when losing scope
}

void EncGOP::xWriteTrailingSEIMessages (SEIMessages& seiMessages, AccessUnit &accessUnit, int temporalId, const SPS *sps)
{
  // Note: using accessUnit.end() works only as long as this function is called after slice coding and before EOS/EOB NAL units
  AccessUnit::iterator pos = accessUnit.end();
  xWriteSEISeparately(NAL_UNIT_SUFFIX_SEI, seiMessages, accessUnit, pos, temporalId, sps);
  deleteSEIs(seiMessages);
}

void EncGOP::xWriteDuSEIMessages (SEIMessages& duInfoSeiMessages, AccessUnit &accessUnit, int temporalId, const SPS *sps, std::deque<DUData> &duData)
{
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  const HRDParameters *hrd = sps->getHrdParameters();
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  if( m_pcCfg->getDecodingUnitInfoSEIEnabled() && hrd->getSubPicCpbParamsPresentFlag() )
  {
    int naluIdx = 0;
    AccessUnit::iterator nalu = accessUnit.begin();

    // skip over first DU, we have a DU info SEI there already
    while (naluIdx < duData[0].accumNalsDU && nalu!=accessUnit.end())
    {
      naluIdx++;
      nalu++;
    }

    SEIMessages::iterator duSEI = duInfoSeiMessages.begin();
    // loop over remaining DUs
    for (int duIdx = 1; duIdx < duData.size(); duIdx++)
    {
      if (duSEI == duInfoSeiMessages.end())
      {
        // if the number of generated SEIs matches the number of DUs, this should not happen
        CHECK(!(false), "Unspecified error");
        return;
      }
      // write the next SEI
      SEIMessages tmpSEI;
      tmpSEI.push_back(*duSEI);
      xWriteSEI(NAL_UNIT_PREFIX_SEI, tmpSEI, accessUnit, nalu, temporalId, sps);
      // nalu points to the position after the SEI, so we have to increase the index as well
      naluIdx++;
      while ((naluIdx < duData[duIdx].accumNalsDU) && nalu!=accessUnit.end())
      {
        naluIdx++;
        nalu++;
      }
      duSEI++;
    }
  }
  deleteSEIs(duInfoSeiMessages);
}


void EncGOP::xCreateIRAPLeadingSEIMessages (SEIMessages& seiMessages, const SPS *sps, const PPS *pps)
{
  OutputNALUnit nalu(NAL_UNIT_PREFIX_SEI);

  if(m_pcCfg->getActiveParameterSetsSEIEnabled())
  {
    SEIActiveParameterSets *sei = new SEIActiveParameterSets;
    m_seiEncoder.initSEIActiveParameterSets(sei, sps);
    seiMessages.push_back(sei);
  }

  if(m_pcCfg->getFramePackingArrangementSEIEnabled())
  {
    SEIFramePacking *sei = new SEIFramePacking;
    m_seiEncoder.initSEIFramePacking (sei, m_iNumPicCoded);
    seiMessages.push_back(sei);
  }

  if(m_pcCfg->getSegmentedRectFramePackingArrangementSEIEnabled())
  {
    SEISegmentedRectFramePacking *sei = new SEISegmentedRectFramePacking;
    m_seiEncoder.initSEISegmentedRectFramePacking(sei);
    seiMessages.push_back(sei);
  }

  if (m_pcCfg->getDisplayOrientationSEIAngle())
  {
    SEIDisplayOrientation *sei = new SEIDisplayOrientation;
    m_seiEncoder.initSEIDisplayOrientation(sei);
    seiMessages.push_back(sei);
  }

  if(m_pcCfg->getToneMappingInfoSEIEnabled())
  {
    SEIToneMappingInfo *sei = new SEIToneMappingInfo;
    m_seiEncoder.initSEIToneMappingInfo (sei);
    seiMessages.push_back(sei);
  }

  if(m_pcCfg->getTMCTSSEIEnabled())
  {
    SEITempMotionConstrainedTileSets *sei = new SEITempMotionConstrainedTileSets;
    m_seiEncoder.initSEITempMotionConstrainedTileSets(sei, pps);
    seiMessages.push_back(sei);
  }

  if(m_pcCfg->getTimeCodeSEIEnabled())
  {
    SEITimeCode *seiTimeCode = new SEITimeCode;
    m_seiEncoder.initSEITimeCode(seiTimeCode);
    seiMessages.push_back(seiTimeCode);
  }

  if(m_pcCfg->getKneeSEIEnabled())
  {
    SEIKneeFunctionInfo *sei = new SEIKneeFunctionInfo;
    m_seiEncoder.initSEIKneeFunctionInfo(sei);
    seiMessages.push_back(sei);
  }

  if(m_pcCfg->getMasteringDisplaySEI().colourVolumeSEIEnabled)
  {
    const SEIMasteringDisplay &seiCfg=m_pcCfg->getMasteringDisplaySEI();
    SEIMasteringDisplayColourVolume *sei = new SEIMasteringDisplayColourVolume;
    sei->values = seiCfg;
    seiMessages.push_back(sei);
  }
  if(m_pcCfg->getChromaResamplingFilterHintEnabled())
  {
    SEIChromaResamplingFilterHint *seiChromaResamplingFilterHint = new SEIChromaResamplingFilterHint;
    m_seiEncoder.initSEIChromaResamplingFilterHint(seiChromaResamplingFilterHint, m_pcCfg->getChromaResamplingHorFilterIdc(), m_pcCfg->getChromaResamplingVerFilterIdc());
    seiMessages.push_back(seiChromaResamplingFilterHint);
  }
#if U0033_ALTERNATIVE_TRANSFER_CHARACTERISTICS_SEI
  if(m_pcCfg->getSEIAlternativeTransferCharacteristicsSEIEnable())
  {
    SEIAlternativeTransferCharacteristics *seiAlternativeTransferCharacteristics = new SEIAlternativeTransferCharacteristics;
    m_seiEncoder.initSEIAlternativeTransferCharacteristics(seiAlternativeTransferCharacteristics);
    seiMessages.push_back(seiAlternativeTransferCharacteristics);
  }
#endif
}

void EncGOP::xCreatePerPictureSEIMessages (int picInGOP, SEIMessages& seiMessages, SEIMessages& nestedSeiMessages, Slice *slice)
{
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  if( ( m_pcCfg->getBufferingPeriodSEIEnabled() ) && ( slice->getSliceType() == I_SLICE ) &&
    ( slice->getSPS()->getVuiParametersPresentFlag() ) &&
    ( ( slice->getSPS()->getHrdParameters()->getNalHrdParametersPresentFlag() )
    || ( slice->getSPS()->getHrdParameters()->getVclHrdParametersPresentFlag() ) ) )
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  {
    SEIBufferingPeriod *bufferingPeriodSEI = new SEIBufferingPeriod();
    m_seiEncoder.initSEIBufferingPeriod(bufferingPeriodSEI, slice);
    seiMessages.push_back(bufferingPeriodSEI);
    m_bufferingPeriodSEIPresentInAU = true;

    if (m_pcCfg->getScalableNestingSEIEnabled())
    {
      SEIBufferingPeriod *bufferingPeriodSEIcopy = new SEIBufferingPeriod();
      bufferingPeriodSEI->copyTo(*bufferingPeriodSEIcopy);
      nestedSeiMessages.push_back(bufferingPeriodSEIcopy);
    }
  }

  if (picInGOP ==0 && m_pcCfg->getSOPDescriptionSEIEnabled() ) // write SOP description SEI (if enabled) at the beginning of GOP
  {
    SEISOPDescription* sopDescriptionSEI = new SEISOPDescription();
    m_seiEncoder.initSEISOPDescription(sopDescriptionSEI, slice, picInGOP, m_iLastIDR, m_iGopSize);
    seiMessages.push_back(sopDescriptionSEI);
  }

  if( ( m_pcEncLib->getRecoveryPointSEIEnabled() ) && ( slice->getSliceType() == I_SLICE ) )
  {
    if( m_pcEncLib->getGradualDecodingRefreshInfoEnabled() && !slice->getRapPicFlag() )
    {
      // Gradual decoding refresh SEI
      SEIGradualDecodingRefreshInfo *gradualDecodingRefreshInfoSEI = new SEIGradualDecodingRefreshInfo();
      gradualDecodingRefreshInfoSEI->m_gdrForegroundFlag = true; // Indicating all "foreground"
      seiMessages.push_back(gradualDecodingRefreshInfoSEI);
    }
    // Recovery point SEI
    SEIRecoveryPoint *recoveryPointSEI = new SEIRecoveryPoint();
    m_seiEncoder.initSEIRecoveryPoint(recoveryPointSEI, slice);
    seiMessages.push_back(recoveryPointSEI);
  }
  if (m_pcCfg->getTemporalLevel0IndexSEIEnabled())
  {
    SEITemporalLevel0Index *temporalLevel0IndexSEI = new SEITemporalLevel0Index();
    m_seiEncoder.initTemporalLevel0IndexSEI(temporalLevel0IndexSEI, slice);
    seiMessages.push_back(temporalLevel0IndexSEI);
  }

  if( m_pcEncLib->getNoDisplaySEITLayer() && ( slice->getTLayer() >= m_pcEncLib->getNoDisplaySEITLayer() ) )
  {
    SEINoDisplay *seiNoDisplay = new SEINoDisplay;
    seiNoDisplay->m_noDisplay = true;
    seiMessages.push_back(seiNoDisplay);
  }

  // insert one Colour Remapping Info SEI for the picture (if the file exists)
  if (!m_pcCfg->getColourRemapInfoSEIFileRoot().empty())
  {
    SEIColourRemappingInfo *seiColourRemappingInfo = new SEIColourRemappingInfo();
    const bool success = m_seiEncoder.initSEIColourRemappingInfo(seiColourRemappingInfo, slice->getPOC() );

    if(success)
    {
      seiMessages.push_back(seiColourRemappingInfo);
    }
    else
    {
      delete seiColourRemappingInfo;
    }
  }
}

void EncGOP::xCreateScalableNestingSEI (SEIMessages& seiMessages, SEIMessages& nestedSeiMessages)
{
  SEIMessages tmpMessages;
  while (!nestedSeiMessages.empty())
  {
    SEI* sei=nestedSeiMessages.front();
    nestedSeiMessages.pop_front();
    tmpMessages.push_back(sei);
    SEIScalableNesting *nestingSEI = new SEIScalableNesting();
    m_seiEncoder.initSEIScalableNesting(nestingSEI, tmpMessages);
    seiMessages.push_back(nestingSEI);
    tmpMessages.clear();
  }
}

void EncGOP::xCreatePictureTimingSEI  (int IRAPGOPid, SEIMessages& seiMessages, SEIMessages& nestedSeiMessages, SEIMessages& duInfoSeiMessages, Slice *slice, bool isField, std::deque<DUData> &duData)
{
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  const HRDParameters *hrd = slice->getSPS()->getHrdParameters();
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  // update decoding unit parameters
  if( ( m_pcCfg->getPictureTimingSEIEnabled() || m_pcCfg->getDecodingUnitInfoSEIEnabled() ) &&
    ( slice->getSPS()->getVuiParametersPresentFlag() ) &&
    (  hrd->getNalHrdParametersPresentFlag() || hrd->getVclHrdParametersPresentFlag() ) )
  {
    int picSptDpbOutputDuDelay = 0;
    SEIPictureTiming *pictureTimingSEI = new SEIPictureTiming();

    // DU parameters
    if( hrd->getSubPicCpbParamsPresentFlag() )
    {
      uint32_t numDU = (uint32_t) duData.size();
      pictureTimingSEI->m_numDecodingUnitsMinus1     = ( numDU - 1 );
      pictureTimingSEI->m_duCommonCpbRemovalDelayFlag = false;
      pictureTimingSEI->m_numNalusInDuMinus1.resize( numDU );
      pictureTimingSEI->m_duCpbRemovalDelayMinus1.resize( numDU );
    }
    pictureTimingSEI->m_auCpbRemovalDelay = std::min<int>(std::max<int>(1, m_totalCoded - m_lastBPSEI), static_cast<int>(pow(2, static_cast<double>(hrd->getCpbRemovalDelayLengthMinus1()+1)))); // Syntax element signalled as minus, hence the .
    pictureTimingSEI->m_picDpbOutputDelay = slice->getSPS()->getNumReorderPics(slice->getSPS()->getMaxTLayers()-1) + slice->getPOC() - m_totalCoded;
    if(m_pcCfg->getEfficientFieldIRAPEnabled() && IRAPGOPid > 0 && IRAPGOPid < m_iGopSize)
    {
      // if pictures have been swapped there is likely one more picture delay on their tid. Very rough approximation
      pictureTimingSEI->m_picDpbOutputDelay ++;
    }
    int factor = hrd->getTickDivisorMinus2() + 2;
    pictureTimingSEI->m_picDpbOutputDuDelay = factor * pictureTimingSEI->m_picDpbOutputDelay;
    if( m_pcCfg->getDecodingUnitInfoSEIEnabled() )
    {
      picSptDpbOutputDuDelay = factor * pictureTimingSEI->m_picDpbOutputDelay;
    }
    if (m_bufferingPeriodSEIPresentInAU)
    {
      m_lastBPSEI = m_totalCoded;
    }


    if( m_pcCfg->getPictureTimingSEIEnabled() )
    {
      pictureTimingSEI->m_picStruct = (isField && slice->getPic()->topField)? 1 : isField? 2 : 0;
      seiMessages.push_back(pictureTimingSEI);

      if ( m_pcCfg->getScalableNestingSEIEnabled() ) // put picture timing SEI into scalable nesting SEI
      {
        SEIPictureTiming *pictureTimingSEIcopy = new SEIPictureTiming();
        pictureTimingSEI->copyTo(*pictureTimingSEIcopy);
        nestedSeiMessages.push_back(pictureTimingSEIcopy);
      }
    }

    if( m_pcCfg->getDecodingUnitInfoSEIEnabled() && hrd->getSubPicCpbParamsPresentFlag() )
    {
      for( int i = 0; i < ( pictureTimingSEI->m_numDecodingUnitsMinus1 + 1 ); i ++ )
      {
        SEIDecodingUnitInfo *duInfoSEI = new SEIDecodingUnitInfo();
        duInfoSEI->m_decodingUnitIdx = i;
        duInfoSEI->m_duSptCpbRemovalDelay = pictureTimingSEI->m_duCpbRemovalDelayMinus1[i] + 1;
        duInfoSEI->m_dpbOutputDuDelayPresentFlag = false;
        duInfoSEI->m_picSptDpbOutputDuDelay = picSptDpbOutputDuDelay;

        duInfoSeiMessages.push_back(duInfoSEI);
      }
    }

    if( !m_pcCfg->getPictureTimingSEIEnabled() && pictureTimingSEI )
    {
      delete pictureTimingSEI;
    }
  }
}

void EncGOP::xUpdateDuData(AccessUnit &testAU, std::deque<DUData> &duData)
{
  if (duData.empty())
  {
    return;
  }
  // fix first
  uint32_t numNalUnits = (uint32_t)testAU.size();
  uint32_t numRBSPBytes = 0;
  for (AccessUnit::const_iterator it = testAU.begin(); it != testAU.end(); it++)
  {
    numRBSPBytes += uint32_t((*it)->m_nalUnitData.str().size());
  }
  duData[0].accumBitsDU += ( numRBSPBytes << 3 );
  duData[0].accumNalsDU += numNalUnits;

  // adapt cumulative sums for all following DUs
  // and add one DU info SEI, if enabled
  for (int i=1; i<duData.size(); i++)
  {
    if (m_pcCfg->getDecodingUnitInfoSEIEnabled())
    {
      numNalUnits  += 1;
      numRBSPBytes += ( 5 << 3 );
    }
    duData[i].accumBitsDU += numRBSPBytes; // probably around 5 bytes
    duData[i].accumNalsDU += numNalUnits;
  }

  // The last DU may have a trailing SEI
  if (m_pcCfg->getDecodedPictureHashSEIType()!=HASHTYPE_NONE)
  {
    duData.back().accumBitsDU += ( 20 << 3 ); // probably around 20 bytes - should be further adjusted, e.g. by type
    duData.back().accumNalsDU += 1;
  }

}
void EncGOP::xUpdateTimingSEI(SEIPictureTiming *pictureTimingSEI, std::deque<DUData> &duData, const SPS *sps)
{
  if (!pictureTimingSEI)
  {
    return;
  }
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  const HRDParameters *hrd = sps->getHrdParameters();
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  if( hrd->getSubPicCpbParamsPresentFlag() )
  {
    int i;
    uint64_t ui64Tmp;
    uint32_t uiPrev = 0;
    uint32_t numDU = ( pictureTimingSEI->m_numDecodingUnitsMinus1 + 1 );
    std::vector<uint32_t> &rDuCpbRemovalDelayMinus1 = pictureTimingSEI->m_duCpbRemovalDelayMinus1;
    uint32_t maxDiff = ( hrd->getTickDivisorMinus2() + 2 ) - 1;

    for( i = 0; i < numDU; i ++ )
    {
      pictureTimingSEI->m_numNalusInDuMinus1[ i ]       = ( i == 0 ) ? ( duData[i].accumNalsDU - 1 ) : ( duData[i].accumNalsDU- duData[i-1].accumNalsDU - 1 );
    }

    if( numDU == 1 )
    {
      rDuCpbRemovalDelayMinus1[ 0 ] = 0; /* don't care */
    }
    else
    {
      rDuCpbRemovalDelayMinus1[ numDU - 1 ] = 0;/* by definition */
      uint32_t tmp = 0;
      uint32_t accum = 0;

      for( i = ( numDU - 2 ); i >= 0; i -- )
      {
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        ui64Tmp = ( ( ( duData[numDU - 1].accumBitsDU  - duData[i].accumBitsDU ) * ( sps->getTimingInfo()->getTimeScale() / sps->getTimingInfo()->getNumUnitsInTick() ) * ( hrd->getTickDivisorMinus2() + 2 ) ) / ( m_pcCfg->getTargetBitrate() ) );
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        if( (uint32_t)ui64Tmp > maxDiff )
        {
          tmp ++;
        }
      }
      uiPrev = 0;

      uint32_t flag = 0;
      for( i = ( numDU - 2 ); i >= 0; i -- )
      {
        flag = 0;
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        ui64Tmp = ( ( ( duData[numDU - 1].accumBitsDU  - duData[i].accumBitsDU ) * ( sps->getTimingInfo()->getTimeScale() / sps->getTimingInfo()->getNumUnitsInTick() ) * ( hrd->getTickDivisorMinus2() + 2 ) ) / ( m_pcCfg->getTargetBitrate() ) );
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        if( (uint32_t)ui64Tmp > maxDiff )
        {
          if(uiPrev >= maxDiff - tmp)
          {
            ui64Tmp = uiPrev + 1;
            flag = 1;
          }
          else                            ui64Tmp = maxDiff - tmp + 1;
        }
        rDuCpbRemovalDelayMinus1[ i ] = (uint32_t)ui64Tmp - uiPrev - 1;
        if( (int)rDuCpbRemovalDelayMinus1[ i ] < 0 )
        {
          rDuCpbRemovalDelayMinus1[ i ] = 0;
        }
        else if (tmp > 0 && flag == 1)
        {
          tmp --;
        }
        accum += rDuCpbRemovalDelayMinus1[ i ] + 1;
        uiPrev = accum;
      }
    }
  }
}
void EncGOP::xUpdateDuInfoSEI(SEIMessages &duInfoSeiMessages, SEIPictureTiming *pictureTimingSEI)
{
  if (duInfoSeiMessages.empty() || (pictureTimingSEI == NULL))
  {
    return;
  }

  int i=0;

  for (SEIMessages::iterator du = duInfoSeiMessages.begin(); du!= duInfoSeiMessages.end(); du++)
  {
    SEIDecodingUnitInfo *duInfoSEI = (SEIDecodingUnitInfo*) (*du);
    duInfoSEI->m_decodingUnitIdx = i;
    duInfoSEI->m_duSptCpbRemovalDelay = pictureTimingSEI->m_duCpbRemovalDelayMinus1[i] + 1;
    duInfoSEI->m_dpbOutputDuDelayPresentFlag = false;
    i++;
  }
}

static void
cabac_zero_word_padding(Slice *const pcSlice, Picture *const pcPic, const std::size_t binCountsInNalUnits, const std::size_t numBytesInVclNalUnits, std::ostringstream &nalUnitData, const bool cabacZeroWordPaddingEnabled)
{
  const SPS &sps=*(pcSlice->getSPS());
  const ChromaFormat format = sps.getChromaFormatIdc();
  const int log2subWidthCxsubHeightC = (::getComponentScaleX(COMPONENT_Cb, format)+::getComponentScaleY(COMPONENT_Cb, format));
  const int minCuWidth  = pcPic->cs->pcv->minCUWidth;
  const int minCuHeight = pcPic->cs->pcv->minCUHeight;
  const int paddedWidth = ((sps.getPicWidthInLumaSamples()  + minCuWidth  - 1) / minCuWidth) * minCuWidth;
  const int paddedHeight= ((sps.getPicHeightInLumaSamples() + minCuHeight - 1) / minCuHeight) * minCuHeight;
  const int rawBits = paddedWidth * paddedHeight *
                         (sps.getBitDepth(CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA) + 2*(sps.getBitDepth(CHANNEL_TYPE_CHROMA)>>log2subWidthCxsubHeightC));
  const std::size_t threshold = (32/3)*numBytesInVclNalUnits + (rawBits/32);
  if (binCountsInNalUnits >= threshold)
  {
    // need to add additional cabac zero words (each one accounts for 3 bytes (=00 00 03)) to increase numBytesInVclNalUnits
    const std::size_t targetNumBytesInVclNalUnits = ((binCountsInNalUnits - (rawBits/32))*3+31)/32;

    if (targetNumBytesInVclNalUnits>numBytesInVclNalUnits) // It should be!
    {
      const std::size_t numberOfAdditionalBytesNeeded=targetNumBytesInVclNalUnits - numBytesInVclNalUnits;
      const std::size_t numberOfAdditionalCabacZeroWords=(numberOfAdditionalBytesNeeded+2)/3;
      const std::size_t numberOfAdditionalCabacZeroBytes=numberOfAdditionalCabacZeroWords*3;
      if (cabacZeroWordPaddingEnabled)
      {
        std::vector<uint8_t> zeroBytesPadding(numberOfAdditionalCabacZeroBytes, uint8_t(0));
        for(std::size_t i=0; i<numberOfAdditionalCabacZeroWords; i++)
        {
          zeroBytesPadding[i*3+2]=3;  // 00 00 03
        }
        nalUnitData.write(reinterpret_cast<const char*>(&(zeroBytesPadding[0])), numberOfAdditionalCabacZeroBytes);
        msg( NOTICE, "Adding %d bytes of padding\n", uint32_t( numberOfAdditionalCabacZeroWords * 3 ) );
      }
      else
      {
        msg( NOTICE, "Standard would normally require adding %d bytes of padding\n", uint32_t( numberOfAdditionalCabacZeroWords * 3 ) );
      }
    }
  }
}

class EfficientFieldIRAPMapping
{
  private:
    int  IRAPGOPid;
    bool IRAPtoReorder;
    bool swapIRAPForward;

  public:
    EfficientFieldIRAPMapping() :
      IRAPGOPid(-1),
      IRAPtoReorder(false),
      swapIRAPForward(false)
    { }

    void initialize(const bool isField, const int gopSize, const int POCLast, const int numPicRcvd, const int lastIDR, EncGOP *pEncGop, EncCfg *pCfg);

    int adjustGOPid(const int gopID);
    int restoreGOPid(const int gopID);
    int GetIRAPGOPid() const { return IRAPGOPid; }
};

void EfficientFieldIRAPMapping::initialize(const bool isField, const int gopSize, const int POCLast, const int numPicRcvd, const int lastIDR, EncGOP *pEncGop, EncCfg *pCfg )
{
  if(isField)
  {
    int pocCurr;
    for ( int iGOPid=0; iGOPid < gopSize; iGOPid++ )
    {
      // determine actual POC
      if(POCLast == 0) //case first frame or first top field
      {
        pocCurr=0;
      }
      else if(POCLast == 1 && isField) //case first bottom field, just like the first frame, the poc computation is not right anymore, we set the right value
      {
        pocCurr = 1;
      }
      else
      {
        pocCurr = POCLast - numPicRcvd + pCfg->getGOPEntry(iGOPid).m_POC - isField;
      }

      // check if POC corresponds to IRAP
      NalUnitType tmpUnitType = pEncGop->getNalUnitType(pocCurr, lastIDR, isField);
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      if (tmpUnitType >= NAL_UNIT_CODED_SLICE_IDR_W_RADL && tmpUnitType <= NAL_UNIT_CODED_SLICE_CRA) // if picture is an IRAP
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      {
        if(pocCurr%2 == 0 && iGOPid < gopSize-1 && pCfg->getGOPEntry(iGOPid).m_POC == pCfg->getGOPEntry(iGOPid+1).m_POC-1)
        { // if top field and following picture in enc order is associated bottom field
          IRAPGOPid = iGOPid;
          IRAPtoReorder = true;
          swapIRAPForward = true;
          break;
        }
        if(pocCurr%2 != 0 && iGOPid > 0 && pCfg->getGOPEntry(iGOPid).m_POC == pCfg->getGOPEntry(iGOPid-1).m_POC+1)
        {
          // if picture is an IRAP remember to process it first
          IRAPGOPid = iGOPid;
          IRAPtoReorder = true;
          swapIRAPForward = false;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

int EfficientFieldIRAPMapping::adjustGOPid(const int GOPid)
{
  if(IRAPtoReorder)
  {
    if(swapIRAPForward)
    {
      if(GOPid == IRAPGOPid)
      {
        return IRAPGOPid +1;
      }
      else if(GOPid == IRAPGOPid +1)
      {
        return IRAPGOPid;
      }
    }
    else
    {
      if(GOPid == IRAPGOPid -1)
      {
        return IRAPGOPid;
      }
      else if(GOPid == IRAPGOPid)
      {
        return IRAPGOPid -1;
      }
    }
  }
  return GOPid;
}

int EfficientFieldIRAPMapping::restoreGOPid(const int GOPid)
{
  if(IRAPtoReorder)