IntraSearch.cpp 91.7 KB
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/* The copyright in this software is being made available under the BSD
 * License, included below. This software may be subject to other third party
 * and contributor rights, including patent rights, and no such rights are
 * granted under this license.
 *
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 * Copyright (c) 2010-2019, ITU/ISO/IEC
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 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 *  * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *  * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
 *    and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *  * Neither the name of the ITU/ISO/IEC nor the names of its contributors may
 *    be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
 * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS
 * BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF
 * THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/** \file     EncSearch.cpp
 *  \brief    encoder intra search class
 */

#include "IntraSearch.h"

#include "EncModeCtrl.h"

#include "CommonLib/CommonDef.h"
#include "CommonLib/Rom.h"
#include "CommonLib/Picture.h"
#include "CommonLib/UnitTools.h"

#include "CommonLib/dtrace_next.h"
#include "CommonLib/dtrace_buffer.h"

#include <math.h>
#include <limits>

 //! \ingroup EncoderLib
 //! \{

IntraSearch::IntraSearch()
  : m_pSplitCS      (nullptr)
  , m_pFullCS       (nullptr)
  , m_pBestCS       (nullptr)
  , m_pcEncCfg      (nullptr)
  , m_pcTrQuant     (nullptr)
  , m_pcRdCost      (nullptr)
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  , m_pcReshape     (nullptr)
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  , m_CABACEstimator(nullptr)
  , m_CtxCache      (nullptr)
  , m_isInitialized (false)
{
  for( uint32_t ch = 0; ch < MAX_NUM_TBLOCKS; ch++ )
  {
    m_pSharedPredTransformSkip[ch] = nullptr;
  }
}


void IntraSearch::destroy()
{
  CHECK( !m_isInitialized, "Not initialized" );

  if( m_pcEncCfg )
  {
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    const uint32_t uiNumLayersToAllocateSplit = 1;
    const uint32_t uiNumLayersToAllocateFull  = 1;
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    const int uiNumSaveLayersToAllocate = 2;

    for( uint32_t layer = 0; layer < uiNumSaveLayersToAllocate; layer++ )
    {
      m_pSaveCS[layer]->destroy();
      delete m_pSaveCS[layer];
    }

    uint32_t numWidths  = gp_sizeIdxInfo->numWidths();
    uint32_t numHeights = gp_sizeIdxInfo->numHeights();

    for( uint32_t width = 0; width < numWidths; width++ )
    {
      for( uint32_t height = 0; height < numHeights; height++ )
      {
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        if( gp_sizeIdxInfo->isCuSize( gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( width ) ) && gp_sizeIdxInfo->isCuSize( gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( height ) ) )
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        {
          for( uint32_t layer = 0; layer < uiNumLayersToAllocateSplit; layer++ )
          {
            m_pSplitCS[width][height][layer]->destroy();

            delete m_pSplitCS[width][height][layer];
          }

          for( uint32_t layer = 0; layer < uiNumLayersToAllocateFull; layer++ )
          {
            m_pFullCS[width][height][layer]->destroy();

            delete m_pFullCS[width][height][layer];
          }

          delete[] m_pSplitCS[width][height];
          delete[] m_pFullCS [width][height];

          m_pBestCS[width][height]->destroy();
          m_pTempCS[width][height]->destroy();

          delete m_pTempCS[width][height];
          delete m_pBestCS[width][height];
        }
      }

      delete[] m_pSplitCS[width];
      delete[] m_pFullCS [width];

      delete[] m_pTempCS[width];
      delete[] m_pBestCS[width];
    }

    delete[] m_pSplitCS;
    delete[] m_pFullCS;

    delete[] m_pBestCS;
    delete[] m_pTempCS;

    delete[] m_pSaveCS;
  }

  m_pSplitCS = m_pFullCS = nullptr;

  m_pBestCS = m_pTempCS = nullptr;

  m_pSaveCS = nullptr;

  for( uint32_t ch = 0; ch < MAX_NUM_TBLOCKS; ch++ )
  {
    delete[] m_pSharedPredTransformSkip[ch];
    m_pSharedPredTransformSkip[ch] = nullptr;
  }

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  m_tmpStorageLCU.destroy();
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  m_isInitialized = false;
}

IntraSearch::~IntraSearch()
{
  if( m_isInitialized )
  {
    destroy();
  }
}

void IntraSearch::init( EncCfg*        pcEncCfg,
                        TrQuant*       pcTrQuant,
                        RdCost*        pcRdCost,
                        CABACWriter*   CABACEstimator,
                        CtxCache*      ctxCache,
                        const uint32_t     maxCUWidth,
                        const uint32_t     maxCUHeight,
                        const uint32_t     maxTotalCUDepth
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                       , EncReshape*   pcReshape
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)
{
  CHECK(m_isInitialized, "Already initialized");
  m_pcEncCfg                     = pcEncCfg;
  m_pcTrQuant                    = pcTrQuant;
  m_pcRdCost                     = pcRdCost;
  m_CABACEstimator               = CABACEstimator;
  m_CtxCache                     = ctxCache;
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  m_pcReshape                    = pcReshape;
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  const ChromaFormat cform = pcEncCfg->getChromaFormatIdc();

  IntraPrediction::init( cform, pcEncCfg->getBitDepth( CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA ) );
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  m_tmpStorageLCU.create(UnitArea(cform, Area(0, 0, MAX_CU_SIZE, MAX_CU_SIZE)));
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  for( uint32_t ch = 0; ch < MAX_NUM_TBLOCKS; ch++ )
  {
    m_pSharedPredTransformSkip[ch] = new Pel[MAX_CU_SIZE * MAX_CU_SIZE];
  }

  uint32_t numWidths  = gp_sizeIdxInfo->numWidths();
  uint32_t numHeights = gp_sizeIdxInfo->numHeights();

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  const uint32_t uiNumLayersToAllocateSplit = 1;
  const uint32_t uiNumLayersToAllocateFull  = 1;
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  m_pBestCS = new CodingStructure**[numWidths];
  m_pTempCS = new CodingStructure**[numWidths];

  m_pFullCS  = new CodingStructure***[numWidths];
  m_pSplitCS = new CodingStructure***[numWidths];

  for( uint32_t width = 0; width < numWidths; width++ )
  {
    m_pBestCS[width] = new CodingStructure*[numHeights];
    m_pTempCS[width] = new CodingStructure*[numHeights];

    m_pFullCS [width] = new CodingStructure**[numHeights];
    m_pSplitCS[width] = new CodingStructure**[numHeights];

    for( uint32_t height = 0; height < numHeights; height++ )
    {
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      if(  gp_sizeIdxInfo->isCuSize( gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( width ) ) && gp_sizeIdxInfo->isCuSize( gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( height ) ) )
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      {
        m_pBestCS[width][height] = new CodingStructure( m_unitCache.cuCache, m_unitCache.puCache, m_unitCache.tuCache );
        m_pTempCS[width][height] = new CodingStructure( m_unitCache.cuCache, m_unitCache.puCache, m_unitCache.tuCache );

        m_pBestCS[width][height]->create( m_pcEncCfg->getChromaFormatIdc(), Area( 0, 0, gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( width ), gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( height ) ), false );
        m_pTempCS[width][height]->create( m_pcEncCfg->getChromaFormatIdc(), Area( 0, 0, gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( width ), gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( height ) ), false );
        m_pFullCS [width][height] = new CodingStructure*[uiNumLayersToAllocateFull];
        m_pSplitCS[width][height] = new CodingStructure*[uiNumLayersToAllocateSplit];

        for( uint32_t layer = 0; layer < uiNumLayersToAllocateFull; layer++ )
        {
          m_pFullCS [width][height][layer] = new CodingStructure( m_unitCache.cuCache, m_unitCache.puCache, m_unitCache.tuCache );

          m_pFullCS [width][height][layer]->create( m_pcEncCfg->getChromaFormatIdc(), Area( 0, 0, gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( width ), gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( height ) ), false );
        }

        for( uint32_t layer = 0; layer < uiNumLayersToAllocateSplit; layer++ )
        {
          m_pSplitCS[width][height][layer] = new CodingStructure( m_unitCache.cuCache, m_unitCache.puCache, m_unitCache.tuCache );

          m_pSplitCS[width][height][layer]->create( m_pcEncCfg->getChromaFormatIdc(), Area( 0, 0, gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( width ), gp_sizeIdxInfo->sizeFrom( height ) ), false );
        }
      }
      else
      {
        m_pBestCS[width][height] = nullptr;
        m_pTempCS[width][height] = nullptr;

        m_pFullCS [width][height] = nullptr;
        m_pSplitCS[width][height] = nullptr;
      }
    }
  }

  const int uiNumSaveLayersToAllocate = 2;

  m_pSaveCS = new CodingStructure*[uiNumSaveLayersToAllocate];

  for( uint32_t depth = 0; depth < uiNumSaveLayersToAllocate; depth++ )
  {
    m_pSaveCS[depth] = new CodingStructure( m_unitCache.cuCache, m_unitCache.puCache, m_unitCache.tuCache );
    m_pSaveCS[depth]->create( UnitArea( cform, Area( 0, 0, maxCUWidth, maxCUHeight ) ), false );
  }

  m_isInitialized = true;
}


//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// INTRA PREDICTION
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

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void IntraSearch::estIntraPredLumaQT( CodingUnit &cu, Partitioner &partitioner, const double bestCostSoFar )
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{
  CodingStructure       &cs            = *cu.cs;
  const SPS             &sps           = *cs.sps;
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  const uint32_t             uiWidthBit    = g_aucLog2[partitioner.currArea().lwidth() ];
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  const uint32_t             uiHeightBit   =                   g_aucLog2[partitioner.currArea().lheight()];

  // Lambda calculation at equivalent Qp of 4 is recommended because at that Qp, the quantization divisor is 1.
  const double sqrtLambdaForFirstPass = m_pcRdCost->getMotionLambda(cu.transQuantBypass) / double(1 << SCALE_BITS);


  //===== loop over partitions =====

  const TempCtx ctxStart          ( m_CtxCache, m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() );
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  const TempCtx ctxStartIntraMode(m_CtxCache, SubCtx(Ctx::IntraLumaMpmFlag, m_CABACEstimator->getCtx()));
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  const TempCtx ctxStartMHIntraMode ( m_CtxCache, SubCtx( Ctx::MHIntraPredMode,        m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() ) );
  const TempCtx ctxStartMrlIdx      ( m_CtxCache, SubCtx( Ctx::MultiRefLineIdx,        m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() ) );
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  CHECK( !cu.firstPU, "CU has no PUs" );
  const bool keepResi   = cs.pps->getPpsRangeExtension().getCrossComponentPredictionEnabledFlag() || KEEP_PRED_AND_RESI_SIGNALS;


  uint32_t extraModes = 0; // add two extra modes, which would be used after uiMode <= DC_IDX is removed for cu.nsstIdx == 3

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  const int width   = partitioner.currArea().lwidth();
  const int height  = partitioner.currArea().lheight();
  int nOptionsForISP = NUM_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS_MODES;
  double bestCurrentCost = bestCostSoFar;

  int ispOptions[NUM_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS_MODES] = { 0 };
  if( nOptionsForISP > 1 )
  {
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#if MAX_TB_SIZE_SIGNALLING
    auto splitsThatCanBeUsedForISP = CU::canUseISPSplit( width, height, cu.cs->sps->getMaxTbSize() );
#else
    auto splitsThatCanBeUsedForISP = CU::canUseISPSplit( width, height, MAX_TB_SIZEY );
#endif
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    if( splitsThatCanBeUsedForISP == CAN_USE_VER_AND_HORL_SPLITS )
    {
      const CodingUnit* cuLeft  = cu.ispMode != NOT_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS ? cs.getCU( cs.area.blocks[partitioner.chType].pos().offset( -1, 0 ), partitioner.chType ) : nullptr;
      const CodingUnit* cuAbove = cu.ispMode != NOT_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS ? cs.getCU( cs.area.blocks[partitioner.chType].pos().offset( 0, -1 ), partitioner.chType ) : nullptr;
      bool ispHorIsFirstTest = CU::firstTestISPHorSplit( width, height, COMPONENT_Y, cuLeft, cuAbove );
      if( ispHorIsFirstTest )
      {
        ispOptions[1] = HOR_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS;
        ispOptions[2] = VER_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS;
      }
      else
      {
        ispOptions[1] = VER_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS;
        ispOptions[2] = HOR_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS;
      }
    }
    else if( splitsThatCanBeUsedForISP == HOR_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS )
    {
      nOptionsForISP = 2;
      ispOptions[1] = HOR_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS;
    }
    else if( splitsThatCanBeUsedForISP == VER_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS )
    {
      nOptionsForISP = 2;
      ispOptions[1] = VER_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS;
    }
    else
    {
      nOptionsForISP = 1;
    }
  }
  if( nOptionsForISP > 1 )
  {
    //variables for the full RD list without MRL modes
    m_rdModeListWithoutMrl      .clear();
    m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor   .clear();
    m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer   .clear();
    //variables with data from regular intra used to skip ISP splits
    m_intraModeDiagRatio        .clear();
    m_intraModeHorVerRatio      .clear();
    m_intraModeTestedNormalIntra.clear();
  }
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  static_vector<uint32_t,   FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM> uiHadModeList;
  static_vector<double, FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM> CandCostList;
  static_vector<double, FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM> CandHadList;

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  static_vector<int, FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM> extendRefList;
  static_vector<int, FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM>* nullList = NULL;

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  auto &pu = *cu.firstPU;
  {
    CandHadList.clear();
    CandCostList.clear();
    uiHadModeList.clear();
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    extendRefList.clear();
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    CHECK(pu.cu != &cu, "PU is not contained in the CU");

    //===== determine set of modes to be tested (using prediction signal only) =====
    int numModesAvailable = NUM_LUMA_MODE; // total number of Intra modes
    static_vector< uint32_t, FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM > uiRdModeList;

    int numModesForFullRD = 3;
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    numModesForFullRD = g_aucIntraModeNumFast_UseMPM_2D[uiWidthBit - MIN_CU_LOG2][uiHeightBit - MIN_CU_LOG2];
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#if INTRA_FULL_SEARCH
    numModesForFullRD = numModesAvailable;
#endif

    {
      // this should always be true
      CHECK( !pu.Y().valid(), "PU is not valid" );
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#if ENABLE_JVET_L0283_MRL
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      bool isFirstLineOfCtu = (((pu.block(COMPONENT_Y).y)&((pu.cs->sps)->getMaxCUWidth() - 1)) == 0);
      int numOfPassesExtendRef = (isFirstLineOfCtu ? 1 : MRL_NUM_REF_LINES);
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#endif
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      pu.multiRefIdx = 0;
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      //===== init pattern for luma prediction =====
      initIntraPatternChType( cu, pu.Y(), IntraPrediction::useFilteredIntraRefSamples( COMPONENT_Y, pu, false, pu ) );
      if( numModesForFullRD != numModesAvailable )
      {
        CHECK( numModesForFullRD >= numModesAvailable, "Too many modes for full RD search" );

        const CompArea &area = pu.Y();

        PelBuf piOrg         = cs.getOrgBuf(area);
        PelBuf piPred        = cs.getPredBuf(area);

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#if JVET_N0363_INTRA_COST_MOD
        DistParam distParamSad;
        DistParam distParamHad;
#else
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        DistParam distParam;

        const bool bUseHadamard = cu.transQuantBypass == 0;
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#endif
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        if (cu.slice->getReshapeInfo().getUseSliceReshaper() && m_pcReshape->getCTUFlag())
        {
          CompArea      tmpArea(COMPONENT_Y, area.chromaFormat, Position(0, 0), area.size());
          PelBuf tmpOrg = m_tmpStorageLCU.getBuf(tmpArea);
          tmpOrg.copyFrom(piOrg);
          tmpOrg.rspSignal(m_pcReshape->getFwdLUT());
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#if JVET_N0363_INTRA_COST_MOD
          m_pcRdCost->setDistParam(distParamSad, tmpOrg, piPred, sps.getBitDepth(CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA), COMPONENT_Y, false); // Use SAD cost
          m_pcRdCost->setDistParam(distParamHad, tmpOrg, piPred, sps.getBitDepth(CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA), COMPONENT_Y,  true); // Use HAD (SATD) cost
#else
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          m_pcRdCost->setDistParam(distParam, tmpOrg, piPred, sps.getBitDepth(CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA), COMPONENT_Y, bUseHadamard);
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#endif
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        }
        else
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#if JVET_N0363_INTRA_COST_MOD
        {
          m_pcRdCost->setDistParam(distParamSad, piOrg, piPred, sps.getBitDepth(CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA), COMPONENT_Y, false); // Use SAD cost
          m_pcRdCost->setDistParam(distParamHad, piOrg, piPred, sps.getBitDepth(CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA), COMPONENT_Y,  true); // Use HAD (SATD) cost
        }
#else
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        m_pcRdCost->setDistParam(distParam, piOrg, piPred, sps.getBitDepth(CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA), COMPONENT_Y, bUseHadamard);
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#endif
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#if JVET_N0363_INTRA_COST_MOD
        distParamSad.applyWeight = false;
        distParamHad.applyWeight = false;
#else
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        distParam.applyWeight = false;
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#endif
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        bool bSatdChecked[NUM_INTRA_MODE];
        memset( bSatdChecked, 0, sizeof( bSatdChecked ) );

        {
          for( int modeIdx = 0; modeIdx < numModesAvailable; modeIdx++ )
          {
            uint32_t       uiMode = modeIdx;
            Distortion uiSad  = 0;

            // Skip checking extended Angular modes in the first round of SATD
            if( uiMode > DC_IDX && ( uiMode & 1 ) )
            {
              continue;
            }

            bSatdChecked[uiMode] = true;

            pu.intraDir[0] = modeIdx;

            if( useDPCMForFirstPassIntraEstimation( pu, uiMode ) )
            {
              encPredIntraDPCM( COMPONENT_Y, piOrg, piPred, uiMode );
            }
            else
            {
              predIntraAng( COMPONENT_Y, piPred, pu, IntraPrediction::useFilteredIntraRefSamples( COMPONENT_Y, pu, true, pu ) );
            }
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#if JVET_N0363_INTRA_COST_MOD
            // Use the min between SAD and HAD as the cost criterion
            // SAD is scaled by 2 to align with the scaling of HAD
            uiSad += std::min(distParamSad.distFunc(distParamSad)*2, distParamHad.distFunc(distParamHad));
#else
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            // use Hadamard transform here
            uiSad += distParam.distFunc(distParam);
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#endif
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            // NB xFracModeBitsIntra will not affect the mode for chroma that may have already been pre-estimated.
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            m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx(Ctx::IntraLumaMpmFlag, ctxStartIntraMode);
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            m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx( Ctx::MHIntraPredMode, ctxStartMHIntraMode );
            m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx( Ctx::MultiRefLineIdx, ctxStartMrlIdx );
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            uint64_t fracModeBits = xFracModeBitsIntra(pu, uiMode, CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA);

            double cost = ( double ) uiSad + ( double ) fracModeBits * sqrtLambdaForFirstPass;

            DTRACE( g_trace_ctx, D_INTRA_COST, "IntraHAD: %u, %llu, %f (%d)\n", uiSad, fracModeBits, cost, uiMode );

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            updateCandList( uiMode, cost,  uiRdModeList, CandCostList
              , extendRefList, 0
              , numModesForFullRD + extraModes );
            updateCandList(uiMode, (double) uiSad, uiHadModeList, CandHadList
              , *nullList, -1
              , 3 + extraModes);
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          }
        } // NSSTFlag

        // forget the extra modes
        uiRdModeList.resize( numModesForFullRD );
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        CandCostList.resize(numModesForFullRD);
        extendRefList.resize(numModesForFullRD);
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        static_vector<unsigned, FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM> parentCandList(FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM);
        std::copy_n(uiRdModeList.begin(), numModesForFullRD, parentCandList.begin());

        // Second round of SATD for extended Angular modes
        for (int modeIdx = 0; modeIdx < numModesForFullRD; modeIdx++)
        {
          unsigned parentMode = parentCandList[modeIdx];
          if (parentMode > (DC_IDX + 1) && parentMode < (NUM_LUMA_MODE - 1))
          {
            for (int subModeIdx = -1; subModeIdx <= 1; subModeIdx += 2)
            {
              unsigned mode = parentMode + subModeIdx;


              if (!bSatdChecked[mode])
              {
                pu.intraDir[0] = mode;

                if (useDPCMForFirstPassIntraEstimation(pu, mode))
                {
                  encPredIntraDPCM(COMPONENT_Y, piOrg, piPred, mode);
                }
                else
                {
                  predIntraAng(COMPONENT_Y, piPred, pu,
                               IntraPrediction::useFilteredIntraRefSamples(COMPONENT_Y, pu, true, pu));
                }
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#if JVET_N0363_INTRA_COST_MOD
                // Use the min between SAD and SATD as the cost criterion
                // SAD is scaled by 2 to align with the scaling of HAD
                Distortion sad = std::min(distParamSad.distFunc(distParamSad)*2, distParamHad.distFunc(distParamHad));
#else
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                // use Hadamard transform here
                Distortion sad = distParam.distFunc(distParam);
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#endif
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                // NB xFracModeBitsIntra will not affect the mode for chroma that may have already been pre-estimated.
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                m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx(Ctx::IntraLumaMpmFlag, ctxStartIntraMode);
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                m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx( Ctx::MHIntraPredMode, ctxStartMHIntraMode );
                m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx( Ctx::MultiRefLineIdx, ctxStartMrlIdx );
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                uint64_t fracModeBits = xFracModeBitsIntra(pu, mode, CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA);

                double cost = (double) sad + (double) fracModeBits * sqrtLambdaForFirstPass;

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                updateCandList(mode, cost, uiRdModeList, CandCostList
                  , extendRefList, 0
                  , numModesForFullRD);
                updateCandList(mode, (double)sad, uiHadModeList, CandHadList
                  , *nullList, -1
                  , 3);
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                bSatdChecked[mode] = true;
              }
            }
          }
        }
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        if( nOptionsForISP > 1 )
        {
          //we save the list with no mrl modes to keep only the Hadamard selected modes (no mpms)
          m_rdModeListWithoutMrl.resize( numModesForFullRD );
          std::copy_n( uiRdModeList.begin(), numModesForFullRD, m_rdModeListWithoutMrl.begin() );
        }
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#if ENABLE_JVET_L0283_MRL
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        pu.multiRefIdx = 1;
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        const int  numMPMs = NUM_MOST_PROBABLE_MODES;
        unsigned  multiRefMPM [numMPMs];
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        PU::getIntraMPMs(pu, multiRefMPM);
        for (int mRefNum = 1; mRefNum < numOfPassesExtendRef; mRefNum++)
        {
          int multiRefIdx = MULTI_REF_LINE_IDX[mRefNum];

          pu.multiRefIdx = multiRefIdx;
          {
            initIntraPatternChType(cu, pu.Y(), IntraPrediction::useFilteredIntraRefSamples(COMPONENT_Y, pu, false, pu));
          }
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#if JVET_N0185_UNIFIED_MPM
          for (int x = 1; x < numMPMs; x++)
#else
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          for (int x = 0; x < numMPMs; x++)
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#endif
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          {
            uint32_t mode = multiRefMPM[x];
            {
              pu.intraDir[0] = mode;

              if (useDPCMForFirstPassIntraEstimation(pu, mode))
              {
                encPredIntraDPCM(COMPONENT_Y, piOrg, piPred, mode);
              }
              else
              {
                predIntraAng(COMPONENT_Y, piPred, pu, IntraPrediction::useFilteredIntraRefSamples(COMPONENT_Y, pu, true, pu));
              }

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#if JVET_N0363_INTRA_COST_MOD
              // Use the min between SAD and SATD as the cost criterion
              // SAD is scaled by 2 to align with the scaling of HAD
              Distortion sad = std::min(distParamSad.distFunc(distParamSad)*2, distParamHad.distFunc(distParamHad));
#else
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              // use Hadamard transform here
              Distortion sad = distParam.distFunc(distParam);
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#endif
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              // NB xFracModeBitsIntra will not affect the mode for chroma that may have already been pre-estimated.
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              m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx(Ctx::IntraLumaMpmFlag, ctxStartIntraMode);
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              m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx( Ctx::MHIntraPredMode, ctxStartMHIntraMode );
              m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx( Ctx::MultiRefLineIdx, ctxStartMrlIdx );
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              uint64_t fracModeBits = xFracModeBitsIntra(pu, mode, CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA);

              double cost = (double)sad + (double)fracModeBits * sqrtLambdaForFirstPass;
              updateCandList(mode, cost, uiRdModeList, CandCostList, extendRefList, multiRefIdx, numModesForFullRD);
            }
          }
        }
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#endif
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        CandCostList.resize(numModesForFullRD);
        extendRefList.resize(numModesForFullRD);
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        if( m_pcEncCfg->getFastUDIUseMPMEnabled() )
        {
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          const int numMPMs = NUM_MOST_PROBABLE_MODES;
          unsigned  uiPreds[numMPMs];
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          pu.multiRefIdx = 0;

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          const int numCand = PU::getIntraMPMs( pu, uiPreds );

          for( int j = 0; j < numCand; j++ )
          {
            bool mostProbableModeIncluded = false;
            int  mostProbableMode         = uiPreds[j];


            for( int i = 0; i < numModesForFullRD; i++ )
            {
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              mostProbableModeIncluded |= (mostProbableMode == uiRdModeList[i] && extendRefList[i] == 0);
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            }
            if( !mostProbableModeIncluded )
            {
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              extendRefList.push_back(0);
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              numModesForFullRD++;
              uiRdModeList.push_back( mostProbableMode );
            }
          }
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          if( nOptionsForISP > 1 )
          {
            //we add the ISP MPMs to the list without mrl modes
            m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor = m_rdModeListWithoutMrl;
            m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer = m_rdModeListWithoutMrl;
            static_vector<uint32_t, FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM>* listPointer;
            for( int k = 1; k < nOptionsForISP; k++ )
            {
              cu.ispMode = ispOptions[k];
              listPointer = &( cu.ispMode == HOR_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS ? m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor : m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer );
              const int numCandISP = PU::getIntraMPMs( pu, uiPreds );
              for( int j = 0; j < numCandISP; j++ )
              {
                bool mostProbableModeIncluded = false;
                int  mostProbableMode = uiPreds[j];

                for( int i = 0; i < listPointer->size(); i++ )
                {
                  mostProbableModeIncluded |= ( mostProbableMode == listPointer->at( i ) );
                }
                if( !mostProbableModeIncluded )
                {
                  listPointer->push_back( mostProbableMode );
                }
              }
            }
            cu.ispMode = NOT_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS;
          }
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        }
      }
      else
      {
        for( int i = 0; i < numModesForFullRD; i++ )
        {
          uiRdModeList.push_back( i );
        }
      }
    }

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    if( nOptionsForISP > 1 ) // we remove the non-MPMs from the ISP lists
    {
      static_vector< uint32_t, FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM > uiRdModeListCopyHor = m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor;
      m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor.clear();
      static_vector< uint32_t, FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM > uiRdModeListCopyVer = m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer;
      m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer.clear();
      static_vector< uint32_t, FAST_UDI_MAX_RDMODE_NUM > *listPointerCopy, *listPointer;
      for( int ispOptionIdx = 1; ispOptionIdx < nOptionsForISP; ispOptionIdx++ )
      {
        cu.ispMode = ispOptions[ispOptionIdx];
        //we get the mpm cand list
        const int numMPMs = NUM_MOST_PROBABLE_MODES;
        unsigned  uiPreds[numMPMs];

        pu.multiRefIdx = 0;

        PU::getIntraMPMs( pu, uiPreds );

        //we copy only the ISP MPMs
        listPointerCopy = &( cu.ispMode == HOR_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS ? uiRdModeListCopyHor : uiRdModeListCopyVer );
        listPointer     = &( cu.ispMode == HOR_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS ? m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor : m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer );
        for( int k = 0; k < listPointerCopy->size(); k++ )
        {
          for( int q = 0; q < numMPMs; q++ )
          {
            if( listPointerCopy->at( k ) == uiPreds[q] )
            {
              listPointer->push_back( listPointerCopy->at( k ) );
              break;
            }
          }
        }
      }
      cu.ispMode = NOT_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS;
    }

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    CHECK( numModesForFullRD != uiRdModeList.size(), "Inconsistent state!" );

    // after this point, don't use numModesForFullRD

    // PBINTRA fast
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#if JVET_N0329_IBC_SEARCH_IMP
    if (m_pcEncCfg->getUsePbIntraFast() && !cs.slice->isIntra() && uiRdModeList.size() < numModesAvailable && !cs.slice->getDisableSATDForRD())
#else
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    if( m_pcEncCfg->getUsePbIntraFast() && !cs.slice->isIntra() && uiRdModeList.size() < numModesAvailable )
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#endif
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    {
      if( CandHadList.size() < 3 || CandHadList[2] > cs.interHad * PBINTRA_RATIO )
      {
        uiRdModeList.resize( std::min<size_t>( uiRdModeList.size(), 2 ) );
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        extendRefList.resize( std::min<size_t>( extendRefList.size(), 2 ) );
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        if( nOptionsForISP > 1 )
        {
          m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor.resize( std::min<size_t>( m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor.size(), 2 ) );
          m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer.resize( std::min<size_t>( m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer.size(), 2 ) );
        }
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      }
      if( CandHadList.size() < 2 || CandHadList[1] > cs.interHad * PBINTRA_RATIO )
      {
        uiRdModeList.resize( std::min<size_t>( uiRdModeList.size(), 1 ) );
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        if( nOptionsForISP > 1 )
        {
          m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor.resize( std::min<size_t>( m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor.size(), 1 ) );
          m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer.resize( std::min<size_t>( m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer.size(), 1 ) );
        }
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      }
      if( CandHadList.size() < 1 || CandHadList[0] > cs.interHad * PBINTRA_RATIO )
      {
        cs.dist = std::numeric_limits<Distortion>::max();
        cs.interHad = 0;

        //===== reset context models =====
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        m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx(Ctx::IntraLumaMpmFlag, ctxStartIntraMode);
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        m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx( Ctx::MHIntraPredMode, ctxStartMHIntraMode );
        m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = SubCtx( Ctx::MultiRefLineIdx, ctxStartMrlIdx );
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        return;
      }
    }

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    if ( nOptionsForISP > 1 )
    {
      //we create a single full RD list that includes all intra modes using regular intra, MRL and ISP
      auto* firstIspList  = ispOptions[1] == HOR_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS ? &m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor : &m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer;
      auto* secondIspList = ispOptions[1] == HOR_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS ? &m_rdModeListWithoutMrlVer : &m_rdModeListWithoutMrlHor;

      if ( m_pcEncCfg->getUseFastISP() )
      {
        // find the first non-MRL mode
        size_t indexFirstMode = std::find( extendRefList.begin(), extendRefList.end(), 0 ) - extendRefList.begin();
        // if not found, just take the last mode
        if( indexFirstMode >= extendRefList.size() ) indexFirstMode = extendRefList.size() - 1;
        // move the mode indicated by indexFirstMode to the beginning
        for( int idx = ((int)indexFirstMode) - 1; idx >= 0; idx-- )
        {
          std::swap( extendRefList[idx], extendRefList[idx + 1] );
          std::swap( uiRdModeList [idx], uiRdModeList [idx + 1] );
        }
        //insert all ISP modes after the first non-mrl mode
        uiRdModeList.insert( uiRdModeList.begin() + 1, secondIspList->begin(), secondIspList->end() );
        uiRdModeList.insert( uiRdModeList.begin() + 1, firstIspList->begin() , firstIspList->end()  );

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        extendRefList.insert( extendRefList.begin() + 1, secondIspList->size(), MRL_NUM_REF_LINES + ispOptions[2] );
        extendRefList.insert( extendRefList.begin() + 1, firstIspList->size() , MRL_NUM_REF_LINES + ispOptions[1] );
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      }
      else
      {
        //insert all ISP modes at the end of the current list
        uiRdModeList.insert( uiRdModeList.end(), secondIspList->begin(), secondIspList->end() );
        uiRdModeList.insert( uiRdModeList.end(), firstIspList->begin() , firstIspList->end()  );

        extendRefList.insert( extendRefList.end(), secondIspList->size(), MRL_NUM_REF_LINES + ispOptions[2] );
        extendRefList.insert( extendRefList.end(), firstIspList->size() , MRL_NUM_REF_LINES + ispOptions[1] );
      }
    }
    CHECKD(uiRdModeList.size() != extendRefList.size(),"uiRdModeList and extendRefList do not have the same size!");

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    //===== check modes (using r-d costs) =====
    uint32_t       uiBestPUMode  = 0;
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    int            bestExtendRef = 0;
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    CodingStructure *csTemp = m_pTempCS[gp_sizeIdxInfo->idxFrom( cu.lwidth() )][gp_sizeIdxInfo->idxFrom( cu.lheight() )];
    CodingStructure *csBest = m_pBestCS[gp_sizeIdxInfo->idxFrom( cu.lwidth() )][gp_sizeIdxInfo->idxFrom( cu.lheight() )];

    csTemp->slice = cs.slice;
    csBest->slice = cs.slice;
    csTemp->initStructData();
    csBest->initStructData();

    // just to be sure
    numModesForFullRD = ( int ) uiRdModeList.size();
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    PartSplit intraSubPartitionsProcOrder = TU_NO_ISP;
    int       bestNormalIntraModeIndex    = -1;
    uint8_t   bestIspOption               = NOT_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS;
    TUIntraSubPartitioner subTuPartitioner( partitioner );
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    bool      ispHorAllZeroCbfs = false, ispVerAllZeroCbfs = false;

    for (uint32_t uiMode = 0; uiMode < numModesForFullRD; uiMode++)
    {
      // set luma prediction mode
      uint32_t uiOrgMode = uiRdModeList[uiMode];

      cu.ispMode = extendRefList[uiMode] > MRL_NUM_REF_LINES ? extendRefList[uiMode] - MRL_NUM_REF_LINES : NOT_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS;
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        pu.intraDir[0] = uiOrgMode;

        int multiRefIdx = 0;
        pu.multiRefIdx = multiRefIdx;
        if( cu.ispMode )
        {
          intraSubPartitionsProcOrder = CU::getISPType( cu, COMPONENT_Y );
          bool tuIsDividedInRows = CU::divideTuInRows( cu );
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          if ( ( tuIsDividedInRows && ispHorAllZeroCbfs ) || ( !tuIsDividedInRows && ispVerAllZeroCbfs ) )
          {
            continue;
          }
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          if( m_intraModeDiagRatio.at( bestNormalIntraModeIndex ) > 1.25 )
          {
            continue;
          }
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          if( ( m_intraModeHorVerRatio.at( bestNormalIntraModeIndex ) > 1.25 && tuIsDividedInRows ) || ( m_intraModeHorVerRatio.at( bestNormalIntraModeIndex ) < 0.8 && !tuIsDividedInRows ) )
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          {
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            continue;
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          }
        }
        else
        {
          multiRefIdx = extendRefList[uiMode];
          pu.multiRefIdx = multiRefIdx;
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#if !JVET_N0185_UNIFIED_MPM
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          CHECK( pu.multiRefIdx && ( pu.intraDir[0] == DC_IDX || pu.intraDir[0] == PLANAR_IDX ), "ERL" );
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#else
          CHECK( pu.multiRefIdx && (pu.intraDir[0] == PLANAR_IDX), "ERL" );
#endif
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        }
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      // set context models
      m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = ctxStart;

      // determine residual for partition
      cs.initSubStructure( *csTemp, partitioner.chType, cs.area, true );

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      if( cu.ispMode )
      {
        xRecurIntraCodingLumaQT( *csTemp, subTuPartitioner, bestCurrentCost, 0, intraSubPartitionsProcOrder );
      }
      else
      {
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        xRecurIntraCodingLumaQT( *csTemp, partitioner, bestIspOption ? bestCurrentCost : MAX_DOUBLE, -1, TU_NO_ISP, bestIspOption );
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      }

      if( cu.ispMode && !csTemp->cus[0]->firstTU->cbf[COMPONENT_Y] )
      {
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        if ( cu.ispMode == HOR_INTRA_SUBPARTITIONS )
        {
          ispHorAllZeroCbfs |= ( m_pcEncCfg->getUseFastISP() && csTemp->tus[0]->lheight() > 2 && csTemp->cost >= bestCurrentCost );
        }
        else
        {
          ispVerAllZeroCbfs |= ( m_pcEncCfg->getUseFastISP() && csTemp->tus[0]->lwidth() > 2 && csTemp->cost >= bestCurrentCost );
        }
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        csTemp->cost = MAX_DOUBLE;
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        csTemp->costDbOffset = 0;
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      }

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      DTRACE( g_trace_ctx, D_INTRA_COST, "IntraCost T %f (%d) \n", csTemp->cost, uiOrgMode );

      // check r-d cost
      if( csTemp->cost < csBest->cost )
      {
        std::swap( csTemp, csBest );

        uiBestPUMode  = uiOrgMode;
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        bestExtendRef = multiRefIdx;
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        bestIspOption = cu.ispMode;
        if( csBest->cost < bestCurrentCost )
        {
          bestCurrentCost = csBest->cost;
        }
        if( !cu.ispMode )
        {
          bestNormalIntraModeIndex = uiMode;
        }
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      }

      csTemp->releaseIntermediateData();
    } // Mode loop
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    cu.ispMode = bestIspOption;
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    cs.useSubStructure(*csBest, partitioner.chType, pu.singleChan(CHANNEL_TYPE_LUMA), true, true, keepResi, keepResi);
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    csBest->releaseIntermediateData();
    //=== update PU data ====
    pu.intraDir[0] = uiBestPUMode;
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    pu.multiRefIdx = bestExtendRef;
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  }

  //===== reset context models =====
  m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() = ctxStart;
}

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void IntraSearch::estIntraPredChromaQT( CodingUnit &cu, Partitioner &partitioner, const double maxCostAllowed )
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{
  const ChromaFormat format   = cu.chromaFormat;
  const uint32_t    numberValidComponents = getNumberValidComponents(format);
  CodingStructure &cs = *cu.cs;
  const TempCtx ctxStart  ( m_CtxCache, m_CABACEstimator->getCtx() );

  cs.setDecomp( cs.area.Cb(), false );

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  double    bestCostSoFar = maxCostAllowed;
  bool      lumaUsesISP   = !CS::isDualITree( *cu.cs ) && cu.ispMode;
  PartSplit ispType       = lumaUsesISP ? CU::getISPType( cu, COMPONENT_Y ) : TU_NO_ISP;
  CHECK( cu.ispMode && bestCostSoFar < 0, "bestCostSoFar must be positive!" );

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  auto &pu = *cu.firstPU;

  {
    uint32_t       uiBestMode = 0;
    Distortion uiBestDist = 0;
    double     dBestCost = MAX_DOUBLE;

    //----- init mode list ----
    {
      uint32_t  uiMinMode = 0;
      uint32_t  uiMaxMode = NUM_CHROMA_MODE;

      //----- check chroma modes -----
      uint32_t chromaCandModes[ NUM_CHROMA_MODE ];
      PU::getIntraChromaCandModes( pu, chromaCandModes );

      // create a temporary CS
      CodingStructure &saveCS = *m_pSaveCS[0];
      saveCS.pcv      = cs.pcv;
      saveCS.picture  = cs.picture;
      saveCS.area.repositionTo( cs.area );
      saveCS.clearTUs();

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      if( !CS::isDualITree( cs ) && cu.ispMode )
      {
        saveCS.clearCUs();
        saveCS.clearPUs();
      }

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      if( CS::isDualITree( cs ) )
      {
        if( partitioner.canSplit( TU_MAX_TR_SPLIT, cs ) )
        {
          partitioner.splitCurrArea( TU_MAX_TR_SPLIT, cs );

          do
          {
            cs.addTU( CS::getArea( cs, partitioner.currArea(), partitioner.chType ), partitioner.chType ).depth = partitioner.currTrDepth;
          } while( partitioner.nextPart( cs ) );

          partitioner.exitCurrSplit();
        }
        else
        cs.addTU( CS::getArea( cs, partitioner.currArea(), partitioner.chType ), partitioner.chType );
      }

      std::vector<TransformUnit*> orgTUs;

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      if( lumaUsesISP )
      {
        CodingUnit& auxCU = saveCS.addCU( cu, partitioner.chType );
        auxCU.ispMode = cu.ispMode;
        saveCS.sps = cu.cs->sps;
        saveCS.addPU( *cu.firstPU, partitioner.chType );
      }

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      // create a store for the TUs
      for( const auto &ptu : cs.tus )
      {
        // for split TUs in HEVC, add the TUs without Chroma parts for correct setting of Cbfs
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        if( lumaUsesISP || pu.contains( *ptu, CHANNEL_TYPE_CHROMA ) )
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        {